From Wikipedia at
DIRECTIONS TO USE THE CIVIL WAR NAVAL ACTIVITIES:
There are twelve theme activities in the Naval collection.
These were chosen to allow opportunities to become educated in how
the U.S. first modern Navy was organized, and how it was enlarged
within four years to be the largest in the world. There will be
parts on technologies and the human element. As the student of
Civil War goes through these you will work within many online
resources to find answers and conduct research. Presentation
projects are encouraged such as computer presentations as well as
traditional posters. If a history teacher is using any of these
for class, the final product could be any form.
LEARNING ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION
This activity will center on research and information gathering of
facts from Internet sources, especially the Learning On-Line
Answers can be presented in graphic or short-answer format. Civil
War naval battles and officers will also be included in the
The questions will be written in the form of "orders" from a naval
commander to his sailors.
THE U.S. NAVY BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR
In order to understand the invention and use of ironclad naval
vessels, the learner will study the sail ships, and condition of the
U.S. Navy before the Civil War
THE IRONCLAD GUNBOATS
In this study, the learner will answer a series of questions about
the invention, building and use of the ironclad gunboat, called
"Turtlebacks," during the American Civil War. The Ironclad
Resources can be used to find the answers.
"THE RACIAL MELTING POT:" THE U.S. NAVY DURING THE CIVIL WAR
The U.S. Navy even in its' early days did not have a problem with
African-Americans serving on the ships. The Navy could be described
as a "racial melting pot." In this Navy activity, there will be
readings about famous blacks such as Robert Smalls and others. In
addition, there will be description of what it was like to serve in
CIVIL WAR MILITARY "FIRSTS"
The Industrial Revolution was at full steam. The steam engine was
being used in railroad engines and ships. New weapons were
developed including the Spencer Repeater rifle, the first
submarines, use of air balloons for surveillance, torpedoes and
mines in water, the first hospital ships, new Dahlgren cannons, and
the biggest one of all, the ironclad ships. Wooden ships
were instantly made obsolete. In this Naval activity, you will read
about the naval inventions and the inventors and builders.
FOR SUMTER FALLS, A MAJOR WAR STARTS
After Fort Sumter was lost, President Lincoln and Congress were
faced with the idea of a major war. At first many thought the
insurrection would be short-lived, but the new Confederacy was
raising a huge army. General Winfield Scott, head of the Army would
come up with the Anaconda Plan to blockade all Southern/Confederate
ports to dry up their imports and exports. A new fleet would be
required, and all this led to a Blockade plan (not Scott's Anaconda
Plan) was planned and set in-place. In this activity, you will read
about the men and ships involved in the blockade from both sides.
INVINCIBLE BOATS AND CREWS WIN BATTLES
There were many sea and inland river battles that the U.S. Navy was
instrumental in helping to win. In some cases the invincible
"Ironclad River Gun Boats" won the battle. Many sailors and
officers won the Medal of Honor. In this activity, you will learn
the names of several battles, the officers and crews of the ships,
and the results.
GIDEON WELLES SEC. OF NAVY, U.S.
Abraham Lincoln appointed a Jacksonian Democrat to lead his Navy.
The Navy was going to be instrumental in defending the country, and
Lincoln saw that Gideon Welles would be the man for the job. In
this activity you will read about the life of Gideon Welles and the
relationship he would hold with President Lincoln. Gideon Welles
pretty much set up the "modern" United States Navy. You will
research the man and the politics he encountered when managing the
Union Navy successfully.
THE BLOCKADE OF CONFEDERATE PORTS
General Scott had his Anaconda Plan. What finally happened was
a huge blockade of our Atlantic and Gulf ports, and as time went
along the winning back of the Mississippi River. This activity
covers the men and ships involved in the Blockade. Read the
proclamation from President Lincoln declaring the blockade.
Read about General Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan, and read about
ships, blockade actions, and "prizes" won during the blockade.
How did the Blockade affect the Confederate war effort and the
Southern people? Present your gathered information in a computer
program or in a poster.
REAR ADMIRAL JOHN DAHLGREN & HIS CANNONS
Both sides of the Civil War needed new armaments and cannons that
could better destroy the opposing side. Siege cannons, rifles,
smoothbores, and mortars were needed for inland, ocean and river
battles. John Dahlgren would invent his Dahlgren cannon.
This part will cover the old style armament and John Dahlgren
invention. You will see how the Dahlgren worked beautifully
with the new ironclad gunboats.
BROOKE AND PORTER
DESIGN THE FIRST IRONCLAD GUNBOATS
The Industrial Revolution had come "full steam," by 1862. The Union
Navy was composed of wooden ships of old. The Confederate states
had no Navy. Research and prototypes of Ironclads were constructed
in Europe. The Confederacy had taken Gosport Naval Yards and the
USS Merrimack was sunk by the retreating Union Navy. The ship would
be raised and reconstructed as an ironclad. Great fear was all over
the north over this monster. President Lincoln and Secretary Welles
set up an Ironclad Committee. Congress passed legislation to have
an ironclad ship built. The rest is history, based upon a design
and small model made by John Ericcson. Read the information
provided on the pages and design your own presentation on the
building of the Merrimack and the Monitor.
RECRUITMENT PLAN- NORTH AND SOUTH
At the start of the war President Lincoln asked for 75,000
volunteers. The Navy recruited and men had to pass a few
standards. The Confederate Navy had similar standards. Read about
the recruitment for both sides. African Americans could serve in
both Navies, and did. The United States Navy did not discriminate
and sailors got along, not thinking about racial things. You are to
read the articles online and then answer questions or conduct
research to gather facts. Presentations or posters would be good to
report your results.
MEDICAL CARE OF SAILORS AND SOLDIERS/ THE NAVY HOSPITAL SHIPS
The Civil War was the first "modern war," and the medical care and
hospital ships were started and enlarged quickly as the war started,
throughout it. In this part, you will read about the medical corps,
the nursing corps, the hospital ships (USS Red Rover, in
particular). In addition, you will read about the conditions and
dangers of being on an ironclad type ship.
Follow the links to get questions for each of the Parts:
IRONCLADS ANSWER FORM