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Traditional Geography Classroom

The Five Themes of Geography
Learning Activity for Project Arrow

A New Technology-Based Method of Teaching a Subjectnot always enjoyed, and often its' content forgotten in later years. 

Check Here for the National Geographic Society (Beta) Geo-Literacy Program

NASA view of North America

 Teacher Page:


Why five themes to study geography in the elementary/secondary schools?

Where the concept comes from:

The five themes were written in 1984 by the Joint Committee on Geographic Education of the National Council for Geographic Education (NCGE) and the Association of American Geographers (AAG). They are outlined in greater detail in the NCGE/AAG publication Guidelines for Geographic Education, Elementary and Secondary Schools.


1. ... to help make geography a higher and more important subject than the way it is often presented in our older textbooks.

2. make geography studies more motivating, and include all geographical skills within a lesson.

3. . . .to help break the "geographical illiteracy" problem with many American students, as they reach adulthood.

An explanation and learning activities for each of the 5 Themes

#1-- Location
Teaching of absolute or exact location;  relative locations  (includes grids--latitudes and longitudes).  A. U.S. map with longitude/latitude markings is available at the Merriam-Webster

#2--  Place
Teaching the physical and human characteristics of a place-- meaning and character; animals, human developments (architecture,transportation,livlihoods, languages and all the things that make an area special.

#3-- Human/Environment Interaction
Teaching the concept of human (people) developments and influences
on environments such as large dams, major developments, and other type things.

#4-- Movement
Teaching how the interrelations of areas and the people such as transportation, natural resources, people-needs being gotten from areas
where they don't live.

#5-- Regions
Teaching the "unifying characteristics" whether physical, human or cultural-- the way geographers divide the world into manageable units  for easy study.


CLICK HERE for the Student Page
Here are Your Tasks:

You are to use the geographical selection die that is number-coded to a specific area of the world.  This is your area to do an IN-DEPTH study.  You will be a specialist on your geographical area in your classroom.  Fill in the Geographical Fact Box Form concerning your area.

#1-- Get to know Geographical Vocabulary.  Work the Geography Puzzle (as found by clicking here)  Print a copy. 

#2-- Go to Enchanted Learning for a great geographical dictionary.  Look over the words and use this dictionary when doing your work.

#3-- After selecting your geographical region, fill in the fact box.  (you can print a form here).

#4-- Use the template map to shade your country, and label its capitol or any other places you think are very important.

#5--  After finishing the fact box items, select ones that are very interesting to you and then plan a trip from Charleston, Il to that country.  Go to Yahoo maps to find out distance.  Write a two-page story telling about your excursion.  Make it exciting by including interesting new people you could meet, places you went, and even scary moments in the trip.  Make the story sound like you "really" went to the country.

#6-- Define what a confluence is.  Using the "DEGREE CONFLUENCE PROJECT WEBSITE" find a confluence that is in your country.  Write a summary of the report of the person(s) that located and visited the site.  Also provide the longitude/latitude of the confluence.

#6--  You can include a page of tourist pictures, that perhaps you can get from the Internet or old magazines.







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