Learning Lincoln On-line
FROM-- SET SEVEN, CIVIL WAR STUDIES
Brevet Officers of the Union Army-- Brig. General & Major General of Volunteers George Armstrong Custer
Definition of Brevet: a former type of military commission conferred especially for outstanding service by which an officer was promoted to a higher rank without the corresponding pay.
Major General George
George Custer Military Ranks and Brevet Appointments:
Brevet Appointment- Brig. General & Major General of Volunteers,
Regular Army Rank- Captain
George Armstrong Custer In The Civil War
Why a Volunteer Army was Needed? The Make-up of the Union Army and Navy Volunteers, Regulars, Brevets
A cavalry commander in the United States Army, Custer fought in both the Indian Wars as well as the Civil War. He was raised in Ohio and Michigan and West Point admitted in 1858. During the Civil War he gained a reputation that was strong because of whom he associated with. The Battle of Bull Run was his first major engagement. He had a temporary promotion to major general but returned to captain at the end of the war. He played an important role at Appomattox and was there when Robert E. Lee surrendered.
Young Hero-- In the bloody war that divided his nation, Custer excelled. He seemed to demonstrate a streak of good fortune at avoiding injury, a gift that he came to call "Custer's luck."
His brilliance at directing cavalry actions at the Battle of Bull Run, his first battle, earned him recognition. The press gushed over the young brevet general who wore bright red neckties onto the battlefield. The New York Tribune wrote: "Future writers of fiction will find in Brigadier General Custer most of the qualities which go to make up a first-class hero."
On June 29, 1863 Custer was commissioned to brigadier general of volunteers and assigned to command a brigade in Kilpatrick’s division. While in this position he led his men in the Battle of Gettysburg where he assisted in preventing J.E.B. Stuart from attacking the Union rear.
He was known as "The Boy General," and his daring and bravery led him to stay in the thick of the fight until the war concluded. Its end, too, was owed in part to Custer, whose cavalry units were crucial in standing down Confederate General Robert E. Lee and forcing him to surrender at Appomattox, on April 9, 1865.
As a reward for his heroism, Lieutenant General Philip Sheridan, a huge Custer supporter, gave the young military hero the table used to sign the war's peace terms. With it he wrote a note to Custer's wife, Libbie, in praise of her husband. "Permit me to say, Madam," he wrote, "that there is scarcely an individual in our service who has contributed more to bring about this desirable result than your gallant husband."
Follow George Armstrong Custer as Brevet Brig. General and Regular Army Captain
To learn more about Maj. General George Armstrong Custer, Click the Hotspot links for Custer Facts:
General Custer's Head Quarters Flag. His wife made this flag for him on silk.
Click the Hotspot links on the Custer Memorial Flag for Custer Facts