To understand the Civil War, one must
understand the organization and terminology used for two
armies (Union and Confederate). There were theaters of the
war. A theater is a large area that has not yet been
"taken" The "Army of the Potomac" was the main Union army in
the eastern theater of the war and the "Army of Northern
Virginia" was the main Confederate force. Remarkably, both
of the armies that fought the Battle of Gettysburg were
organized in a similar fashion including a structure of
corps, divisions, and brigades.
Surrender from General Lee by General Grant at Appomattox
||Use the articles
provided on each of the great armies as a
resource, and answer the questions as provided
in the Battle-Summary Form.
Write short answers for each Question Cell. You
should find two points of evidence to answer the
question. Be sure to document where the answer
Design and make a visual "compilation
presentation" of the results of your question
answers. Use Presentation computer software, or
even make a poster for this presentation.
BATTLE SUMMARY QUESTIONS & TASKS:
[REMEMBER THAT YOU NEED TO PROVIDE "TWO" POINTS OF
EVIDENCE FOR EACH QUESTION AND QUESTION PART]
||Make a flowchart
to describe the organization of the armies of
both the north and the south. Why were the
great armies of the Civil War named after
rivers? Make a list of armies named after
rivers. A handy chart is provided by the
National Park Service at:
||How would you
describe the relationship between General Robert
E. Lee and General Ulysses S. Grant. What
connections did they have before the Civil War?
How were these two generals alike and
View the N.Y. Times online slideshow about
the two generals. One other resource is at
||What are the
battles that the generals led? Which side won
the battle? What are the statistics on the
number of casualties for each side?
||Find a battle
that each general lost, and describe why the
battle was lost, or why the opposition won. An
advanced resource for this question is provided
from a Clevland Roundtable discussion at:
||What did each
general "say" during his army career and the
civil war? Find 3 quotes by each and write a
short answer explanation of what was said and
why. You may have to infer why. Wikiquotes are
available to help find quotes for each:
Robert E. Lee at:
soldiers of each of the great armies (North and
||According to the
rank and file soldiers of both sides, why were
they fighting for their respective sides?
was called a "butcher" of soldiers by many,
including Mary Todd Lincoln. Why, and why is
this true or untrue?
"He is a butcher and
is not fit to be at the head of an army. Yes, he
generally manages to claim a victory, but such a
victory! He loses two men to the enemy's one. He
has no management, no regard for life." Mary
Todd Lincoln,conversation with Abraham Lincoln
regarding General Ulysses S. Grant.
General Lee was loved by his
soldiers and this affection and respect can be
felt by reading about the surrender at
Appomattox Courthouse, that ended the war.
While reading this find at least three facts or
1. Find proof or instances of Confederate
respect and reverence for the General.
2. Compare and contrast
Grant and Lee at Appomattox including the way
they appeared, presented themselves, and any
other details that seem to describe the two
3. Look for the responses
of Union troops during and after the surrender
at the courthouse.
Compare and contrast the
composition of both armies, including officers
and men, and consider characteristics of a good
commander, as leadership helped in winning.
Read this article from the N.Y. Times, that
compares the two generals, for information.
the "Armies Make-up chart including ethnicity"
for each by clicking here.
||For both the
Union and Confederate soldiers, to what extent
does honor, glory, and
chivalry play in the fighting. Be
certain to give examples for both sides.
Go to the Chivalry site for lots of
had a close military relationship with the
Commander and Chief. If the President would give
an order to proceed, Grant would proceed. An
order once given to Grant was followed:
"Hold on with a bulldog grip and chew & choke as
much as possible" A. Lincoln. Click Here for
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