THE U.S. NAVY
BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR: ORDERS FROM CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE
up the ship!"
Tradition has it that Captain James
Lawrence said these heroic words after being
mortally wounded in the engagement between his ship, the
U.S.S. frigate Chesapeake, and HMS Shannon on 1 June 1813.
As the wounded Lawrence was carried below, he ordered "Tell
the men to fire faster! Don't give up the ship!"
Although the Chesapeake was forced to surrender,
Captain Lawrence's words lived on as a rallying cry during
the war. Oliver Hazard Perry honored his dead friend
Lawrence when he had the famous motto sewn onto the private
battle flag. He flew the flag during the Battle of Lake
Erie, 10 September 1813.
A. . . To begin with, you should learn a little about the
Use the Boston SQUARE RIGGING site.
of square rig ships
More details are at Wikipedia.
Make a poster drawing a square rigger, and label the
B. . . For this part of our activity, you will look up
quotes by a variety of Naval Officers for the United States,
for any period in the Navy's history.
Read from this
listing of great naval quotes
and write ten quotes with a short description of 1. why the
quote was made, 2. when, 3.where and 4. by whom.
Using the Learning On-Line site,
and choose five American sail ships. Some could be
combination steamer and sail. Make a data sheet for each
including: 1.Name of ship, 2. Type of ship, 3. Battles or
campaigns served in, 4. Commander or captain, 5.When the
ship was built, and 6. What happened to it after itsí
service years ended.
D. . . When in our history did the U.S. Navy begin to
downsize? What war was the navy small, and fears arose in
the country that our enemy could be attacked easily?
Visit the Public Broadcasting
Online Site for a description of why and when the Navy was
E. . . In 1861, the Civil War would start. 1. How many
ships did the U.S. Navy have in its' inventory?, and 2. What
did the country have to do to get it's navy built up.
Use the Civil War Trust site
to see the quick evolution of battle ships of the Civil War,
and 3. why the Navy was in this condition. How did the Navy
build up quickly?
F. . . President Lincoln and the
ironclad USS Montauk.
Read the article and Answer the Questions about the article.
What does this article say about President Lincoln as
Commander & Chief? Did he keep up with the new and old
technologies used by the soldiers and sailors he commanded?
What did he do with this ironclad that made it special in
history (his own personal connection)? How did the Montauk
serve President Lincoln in the end?
Select and Read a
U.S. Navy Civil War
Sesquicentennial Blog Site Series of Articles.
Write a summary of the highpoints of the blog--
current blog about
"The War is Over, but not for the
G. . .
"Glorious Sail-Steam Ships
before the Civil War" for Information
You can record your
answers in a Navy Form each part of the
Return to the Ironclads Directions Page
Learning On-Line Home Page