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Section #1-- Navy Medicine, Hospitals and Hospital Ships-- Home Page


Civil War Medical Naval Directory

The Birth of Veteran's Healthcare Rights  

       In his 2nd Inaugural Address, President Lincoln turned from the divisive bitterness at the war’s roots to the unifying task of reconciliation and reconstruction. In the speech’s final paragraph, the president delivered his prescription for the nation’s recovery:

       “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow, and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among us.”  Abraham Lincoln


       In this activity, the Medical Services of the U.S. Navy will be considered.  With the new style ironclad ships, a whole new type of naval war was conducted with the use of experimental technology, huge armaments, and steam power.  The “hospital ships” were put into service.  Land-based Naval base hospitals, and of course the Army hospitals were built and put into service.  Medical personnel were placed onto the ships, and after battles wounded men would often be transferred to the land-based hospitals.       Burns were prevalent, and those victims would be taken to the land-based hospitals.  Medical personnel would include nurses, assistants and doctors.  As in the article describing the casualties of the USS Monitor/CSS Virginia, the medical teams were courageous and dedicated.  Your directions for these activities are to follow the questions and then the connected website resource. 


A . . . With the Navy vessels changing to ironclad, read the article and describe the "new" dangers concerning the ships, called "Garbage Cans."  Make a computer presentation or poster illustrating and describing these dangers Go to Section #3 to find information.
 B . . . Describe the most common medical problems that sailors got on-board an ironclad.  These can be related to hearing, mental and physical.  Make a presentation or a poster to illustrate or describe your findings. Go to Section #7 to find information.
 C . . .  The USS Red Rover became the first Navy Hospital ship.  Read the article and describe what kind of ship the    Red Rover was, how it was set up to be a hospital, how large was the crew including medical personnel, and where it did its' work.  Conclude this order with making a listing and short description (name, physical characteristics of the ship, size of crew and where it was stationed) for three other ships added to the hospital naval fleet. Go to Section #8 to find information.

   D . . . Read about the medical corps, nurses corps, and the dangers of being a nurse or doctor.  What kind of injuries and illnesses were these professional always in threat of getting?  Reading the article, who was the doctor awarded for bravery in-action by Secretary Welles and Read Admiral Dahlgren?  What did this doctor do? What role did women play on hospital ships?  Read the article find who the women were that helped on the hospital ships.  Make a computer presentation or a poster to illustrate and describe medical care on the hospital ships, and on-board the ironclads or other ships. Go to Section #5 to find information.


E . . . Go to the section on NAVY MEDICAL PROCEDURES and make a list with descriptions of medical procedures.  Present your research results in a presentation or poster.
F . . . Go to the sites for information about Doreathia Dix and Susie King Taylor

Go to the USS Red Rover Hospital site to find details about the Red Rover.

You can record your answers in a Navy Form each part of the activity

Return to the Ironclads Directions Page

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