Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

General U.S. Grant Learning Activity-- Order #7-- A Telegraph Message  from the President to General Grant, August 17, 1864

ORDER #7-- A TELEGRAPH MESSAGE FROM PRESIDENT LINCOLN TO GENERAL GRANT AUGUST 17, 1864

The President had read a message from Grant to Chief-of-Staff Halleck concerning how the draft riots of 1864 might deplete the force at the front and thus affect his operations, Lincoln intervened directly.

“Hold on with a bull-dog grip, and chew and choke, as much as possible” he wired Grant.

What was Grant's response to Lincoln's order?

The message was as effective as walking into Grant’s headquarters, sizing up the general’s state of mind, and responding through conversation.

As Grant put down the president’s telegram, he laughed out loud and exclaimed to those around him, “The President has more nerve than any of his advisers.”

Grant received this message as a charge of full authority to make the war effort successful.  The President had put his complete trust and faith upon General U.S. Grant.

The Grant Homepage is Great for Finding Facts and Answers

 

YOUR ORDERS

ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS ABOUT LINCOLN'S ORDER TO GRANT

Use Wikipedia article concerning New York City Draft Riots for questions 1-4

1.  Define "conscription" or being "drafted" into military service.

2.  What were the Draft Riots of 1864?  Where did they occur?  Why?  Who was involved?

3.  What did President Lincoln do to stop the riots?

4.  Why was General Grant so worried about his forces being diminished?

Use the Smithsonian Civil War Timeline to answer questions 5-10

5.  1864 was an election year for the Presidency.  Who would run against Abraham Lincoln?

6.  By 1864 describe the status of the war:  What was happening to the Confederate Army?  What was President Lincoln already working on (in preparation for the end of the war)?

7.  Was Lincoln confident that he would win the election for his second term? 

8. Was U.S. Grant considered by some as a candidate for President while Lincoln was still alive?  What did Grant say about this possibility?

9.  General Grant and President Lincoln shared a common goal.  What was this goal?

10.  Who won the election of 1864?  Who lost?

About the Telegraph Message:

11.  President Lincoln had a continuing problem with his field generals until U.S. Grant was placed in command.  Why do you think the President  had so much trust in Grant?  Why do you think Grant responded with the comment that "The President has more nerve than any of his advisors."


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