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ORDER #5-- Gen. U.S. GRANT and the Army of
Read from the Memoirs of U.S. Grant for his
own version of the Army of the Potomac
SCAN DOWN THE ARTICLE TO THE Chapter 47a,
6TH PARAGRAPH, CONCERNING THE ARMY OF THE
How were the Union armies divided? How many
armies formed the Western Division?
General Grant saw a problem with having so
many "armies" with some 17 commanders. What
was the problem with this organizational
The Army of the Potomac was considered, by
General Grant, as the centre of all armies.
He would organize a right wing and a left
wing. Who commanded the "Army of the
General Gillmore was in command of 10,000
men that were transferred to the Army of the
James. Where did these soldiers come from?
Grant concentrated his armies in order to
prevent from being depleted by the enemy.
The conclusion of paragraph 6 of his memoirs
has a statement by Grant about how he
organized his armies: "concentration was
the order of the day and to have it
accomplished in time to advance at the
earliest moment the roads would permit was
Why do you think General Grant re-organized
the armies, centering around the Army of the
Read the 7th paragraph of Chapter 47a from
Grant's Memoirs-- Grant "rendezvoused
the 9th Army Corps, 20,000 strong, at
Annapolis, Maryland. Who was the 9th Corps'
commander? Why did they move to Annapolis?
What did General Burnside think about
Grant's moving the 9th Corps?
Chapter 47a goes on to tell details of how
the Union armies would be organized and
positioned. General Grant would ask the
President to appoint men to command large
armies and operations. Read the final
paragraphs and describe these men, and what
Grant expected of them:
General William Tecumseh Sherman (paragraph
General Burnside (paragraph 7):
General Benjamin Butler (paragraph 9):
General W.F. Smith (paragraph 10):
General Phil Sheridan (paragraph 11):
General Robert E. Lee (paragraph 7):
General Nathan Bedford Forrest (paragraph
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