Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

General U.S. Grant Learning Activity-- Order #5-- Gen. Grant and the Army of the Potomac

ABOUT ULYSSES S. GRANT

GRANT'S LOVE OF HORSES MUSTERING TROOPS IN ILLINOIS COL. GRANT AND THE WESTERN FRONT U.S. GRANT AND THE CAVALRY LINCOLN'S ORDER TO GEN. GRANT/ YOUR ORDERS GEN. GRANT'S LETTER TO PRES. LINCOLN ORDER #1 ORDER #2 ORDER #3 ORDER #4 ORDER #5 ORDER #6 ORDER #7 ORDER #8 ORDER #9 ORDER #10 ORDER #11 ORDER #12 ORDER #13

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ORDER #5-- Gen. U.S. GRANT and the Army of the Potomac

Read from the Memoirs of U.S. Grant for his own version of the Army of the Potomac  Click Here

Answer these questions:  

SCAN DOWN THE ARTICLE TO THE Chapter 47a, 6TH PARAGRAPH, CONCERNING THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC:

How were the Union armies divided?  How many armies formed the Western Division? 

General Grant saw a problem with having so many "armies" with some 17 commanders.  What was the problem with this organizational system?

The Army of the Potomac was considered, by General Grant, as the centre of all armies.  He would organize a right wing and a left wing.  Who commanded the "Army of the James?" 

General Gillmore was in command of 10,000 men that were transferred to the Army of the James.  Where did these soldiers come from?

Grant concentrated his armies in order to prevent from being depleted by the enemy.  The conclusion of paragraph 6 of his memoirs has a statement by Grant about how he organized his armies:  "concentration was the order of the day and to have it accomplished in time to advance at the earliest moment the roads would permit was the problem."

Why do you think General Grant re-organized the armies, centering around the Army of the Potomac?

Read the 7th paragraph of Chapter 47a from Grant's Memoirs--       Grant "rendezvoused the 9th Army Corps, 20,000 strong, at Annapolis, Maryland.  Who was the 9th Corps' commander? Why did they move to Annapolis?  What did General Burnside think about Grant's moving the 9th Corps?

Chapter 47a goes on to tell details of how the Union armies would be organized and positioned.  General Grant would ask the President to appoint men to command large armies and operations.  Read the final paragraphs and describe these men, and what Grant expected of them:

General William Tecumseh Sherman (paragraph 2) :

General Burnside (paragraph 7):

General Benjamin Butler (paragraph 9):

General W.F. Smith (paragraph 10):

General Phil Sheridan (paragraph 11):

Confederate Foes:

General Robert E. Lee (paragraph 7):

General Nathan Bedford Forrest (paragraph 13):

 


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