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General U.S. Grant Learning Activity-- Ulysses Grant Resigns from the Army in 1854


Captain Ulysses S. Grant

        U.S. Grant's army career was not advancing and he was 32. The Mexican War was over and the Indians were no longer a major threat. He was stationed in California, far from his wife and two children Missouri and his brothers and parents.

        Grant was promoted to Captain, 4th Infantry, August 5, 1853. While serving in the Northwest, Grant resigned his commission on July 31, 1854.

        His father-in-law needed someone to help run his plantation. The army was scaled back after the Mexican War ended, so Grant saw little opportunity for advancement and was more or less forced out.

        Over the next seven years he tried his hand at several occupations but succeeded in none. Only the outbreak of the Civil War and Grantís eventual command of the Union Army provided the opportunity to display the military brilliance for which he would best be remembered.

        As the outbreak of Civil War loomed on the horizon, Grant raised and drilled a company of volunteers and was then employed by Governor Yates in the Adjutant-General's Department and made mustering officer. Soon after he was appointed Colonel, 21st IL Volunteers, and on August 7, 1861 was commissioned Brigadier-General, U. S. Volunteers, with rank from May 17, assigned to the command of the District of Southwestern Missouri, headquartered in Cairo, IL.

     Gen. Grant resigned the second time after the Civil War ended in order to become acting Secretary of War for President Johnson. He also was thinking about running for President.

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