ITEMS NEEDED TO PACK IN THE WAGONS
A COVERED WAGON
Physical Planning-- During the years of National Trail traveling, most pioneers were not aware of hardships they would encounter, excluding robbers, pirates and thieves they would encounter. As people moved west, word would spread back about what problems to expect. Travelers during 19th century on the National Trail or a western trail, such as the Oregon Trail, shared similar experiences: the drudgery of walking hundreds of miles, suffocating dust, violent thunderstorms, mud, temperature extremes, bad water, poor forage, sickness, and death. They recorded their experiences in journals, diaries, and letters. The planning had to include the season starting, to not get into hard winter times. The Old National Trail eventually had a series of mile markers that would give position. There would be inns, stops and taverns along the way. Food, Clothing, guns and ammo, water and water containers, spare wheels and other wagon parts, a good set of horses or oxen to pull the wagons, and a set of maps were necessities.
Economic Planning -- money to purchase wagons, supplies (food, medicines, clothes, weapons, ammunition, etc.), draft animals, extra wagon parts, money and objects to trade for supplies during the trip would be needed
Geographical Planning -- getting maps (mostly home-made); word of mouth directions; explanation of trail mile markers, geographical/geological features, political information, warnings about dangers. This type of knowledge would come from ones who went and returned to tell about it, or perhaps letters from ones on the trip.
Using the Resource Links, the student can find all the information necessary for a family or group of emigrants to prepare for a journey west on the National Trail and further.
The students can make presentations, write books, do original art, write in any of the ISAT writing styles according to what they want to explain.