PART ONE-- LIFE IN SPRINGFIELD: THE LINCOLN FAMILY
Lincoln Home Parlor Springfield, Illinois
Home to four boys, parents and Fido, the
family dog. Mother Mary Todd, made this parlor
"off limits" to the boys' playing, and
especially Fido's presence. Father Abraham was
Click the Objects in the Parlor Photo Below:
To read facts about Abraham
Lincoln and his family from his years in
NPS-- Lincoln's Home, Springfield
Left window Stair Railing
Right window Large mirror
Wallpaper Lincoln Head on right
Rug in front of
Photo from the
National Park Service Lincoln Home Memorial,
TWO: MARY TODD LINCOLN LIFE
THE LINCOLN CIRCUIT-RIDER POLITICAL
For General Information, Click
each "Circuit Rider Sculpture" for the Lincoln Springfield Years
beginnings while living at New Salem, including the first
"important" stump speech in bare feet; runs for the Illinois
General Assembly including wins and losses; his earliest
platform and membership in the Whig Party
helped to get the Illinois state capital moved from Vandalia to
Springfield. April 15;
Personal: leaves New Salem
and settles in Springfield;
Professional: Becomes a
law partner of John T. Stuart. In Summer, proposes marriage to
Mary Owens, is turned down and the courtship ends.
Helps to successfully defend Henry Truett in a famous murder
August 6, re-elected to the Illinois Gen. Assembly, becoming
Whig floor leader.
Travels through nine counties in central and eastern Illinois as
a lawyer on the 8th Judicial Circuit. December 3, admitted to
practice in United States Circuit Court;
Meets Mary Todd, 21, at a dance.
Early and Mid 1840's
In June, Lincoln argues his first case before the Illinois
Supreme Court; Political:
August 3, re-elected to the Illinois Gen. Assembly;
In Fall, becomes engaged to Mary Todd.
January 1, breaks off engagement with Mary Todd. Has episode of
March 1, forms new law partnership with Stephen T. Logan. In
makes a trip by steamboat to Kentucky and sees twelve slaves
Does not seek re-election to the legislature;
In Summer, resumes courtship with Mary Todd; Political: In
September, accepts a challenge to a duel by Democratic state
auditor James Shields over published letters making fun of
September 22, duel with swords is averted by an explanation of
November 4, marries Mary Todd
Lincoln is unsuccessful in try for the Whig nomination for U.S.
August 1, first child, Robert Todd Lincoln, is born.
May, the Lincoln family moves into a house in Springfield,
bought for $1500; Political:
Campaigns for Henry Clay in the presidential election. In
December, dissolves law partnership with Logan, then sets up his
March 10, a son, Edward Baker Lincoln is born. May 1, nominated
to be the Whig candidate for U.S. Congress. August 3, elected to
the U.S. House of Representatives.
Moves into a boarding house in Washington, D.C. with his wife
December 6, takes his seat when Thirtieth Congress convenes.
December 22, presents resolutions questioning President Polk
about U.S. hostilities with Mexico.
January 22, gives a speech on floor of the House against
President Polk's war policy regarding Mexico. In June, attends
the national Whig convention supporting General Zachary Taylor
as the nominee for president. Campaigns for Taylor in Maryland
and in Boston, Mass., then in Illinois.
- Political: March 7 and 8,
makes an appeal before the U.S. Supreme Court regarding the
Illinois statute of limitations, but is unsuccessful;
March 31, returns to Springfield and leaves politics to practice
On May 22, Abraham Lincoln is granted
U.S. Patent No. 6,469
(the only president ever granted a patent).
HOUSE DIVIDED SPEECH AND THE LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES
February 1, his son Edward dies after a two month illness;
Lincoln resumes his travels in the 8th Judicial Circuit covering
over 400 miles in 14 counties in Illinois. 'Honest Abe' gains a
reputation as an outstanding lawyer;
December 21, his third son, William Wallace Lincoln (Willie) is
January 17, Lincoln's father dies.
April 4, his fourth son, Thomas (Tad) is born.
Re-enters politics opposing the
Elected to Illinois legislature but declines the seat in order
to try to become U.S. Senator.
Does not get chosen by the Illinois legislature to be U.S.
May 29, helps organize the new Republican party of Illinois. At
the first Republican convention Lincoln gets 110 votes for the
vice-presidential nomination, bringing him national attention.
Campaigns in Illinois for Republican presidential candidate,
John C. Frémont.
June 26, in Springfield, Lincoln speaks against the
Dred Scott decision.
In May, wins acquittal in a murder trial by using an almanac
regarding the height of the moon to discredit a witness;
June 16, nominated to be the Republican senator from Illinois,
Stephen A. Douglas.
"House Divided" speech
at the state convention in Springfield. Also engages Douglas in
a series of seven debates with big audiences.
Illinois legislature chooses Douglas for the U.S. Senate over
Lincoln by a vote of 54 to 46;
In the Fall, Lincoln makes his last trip through the 8th
Judicial Circuit. December 20, writes a short
March 6, delivers an impassioned political speech on slavery in
New Haven, Connecticut. Also in March, the 'Lincoln-Douglas
May 18, 1860
Nominated to be the Republican candidate for President of the
United States. Opposes Northern Democrat Stephen A. Douglas and
Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge;
In June, writes a
November 6, 1860
Abraham Licoln is elected as 16th U.S. president and
the first Republican. Receives 180 of 303 possible electoral
votes and 40 percent of the popular vote.
Dec 20, 1860
- South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two
months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and
Feb 11, 1861
- Personal & Professional:
Lincoln gives a brief farewell to friends and supporters at
Springfield and leaves by train for Washington. Receives a
warning during the trip about a possible assassination attempt.
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