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Confederate General McQueen McIntosh

 

Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn

 

Union Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis

       The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7 8, 1862), also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, was a major battle of the American Civil War fought near Leetown, northeast of Fayetteville, Arkansas. Federal forces, led by Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, moved south from central Missouri, driving Confederate forces into northwestern Arkansas. Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn launched a Confederate counter-offensive, hoping to recapture northern Arkansas and Missouri. Curtis held off the Confederate attack on the first day and drove Van Dorn's force off the battlefield on the second.  This American Civil War battle was one of the few in which a Confederate army outnumbered its opponent. By defeating the Confederates, the Union forces essentially established Federal control of most of Missouri and northern Arkansas. They had more battles to fight in southern Arkansas.


An engraved version of the Arkansas Battle

 

The Armies at Pea Ridge.  Blue is Union, Red is Confederate

Battle of Pea Ridge
Battle of Elkhorn Tavern Fact Box

 


The Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. by Kurz & Allison

Date

March 7 8, 1862

 

Location

  

Near Leetown, northeast of Fayetteville, Arkansas
 

Result

Union victory

 

Belligerents

 United States

 Confederate States

Commanders and leaders

Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis

Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn

Units involved

Army of the Southwest

Trans-Mississippi District

Strength

10,500

16,500

Casualties and losses

1,384

2,000