Excerpt from a Diary Diary of Sargeant McCulloughfrom
the Battle of Cold Harbor Battle
Wednesday June 1st Intensely warm. The Yankees
are again in motion to day, and A.P. Hill is in pursuit.
Last night a detail from the Battalion was sent out to
throw up breastworks for the M_d Battery. A slight
shelling has been going on, at intervals, through the
Thursday June 2nd Still continues warm. This
morning, about one oclock, we were awaked, and marched
to Mechanicsville, where we arrived about day break,
enamped here a short time, marched three miles, encamped
in a dense woods -- we were moved again half a mile
farther, to the shade of a few straggling pine trees.
Here we remained 'till our division reached us, when we
took out position in the line. Marched again, through an
intense and suffocating heat and dust, to Gain's farm
(the old battle field) Saw some partially exhumed Yankee
[frames?] Just as we arrived on the field, our boys
charged the enemy's line and broke it. In the afternoon,
about twilight, we were moved forward as the support,
Echols Brigade, which charged the enemy in his
fortifications and drove them in disorder before it. We
remained on the field all night in a drizzling rain.
About dusk, Gen. Breckinridge and staff rode up on a
small hill & a short time after he retired, two heavy
lines of battle advanced and took position just in our
Friday June 3rd Changeable. Last night the enemy
made several final demonstrations against our lines, but
were easily repulsed. This occasioned however, the
formation of our line of battle each time. The enemy
this morning, about [4?]1/2 oclock, made an assault in
three heavy columns against our fortifications, and by
reason of overwhelming numbers, compelled our men to
retire. They fell back in great disorder upon our
Battalion, when we had to charge and right [nobly?] was
it done. One we went across the ravine, up the hill, and
drove them, although superior in numbers to us in
confusion and with great loss across the breastworks. I
fell wounded by a sharpshooter ten yards from the
entrenchments, but had the satisfaction of seeing the
bluebellies lying in heaps in front of me. Was carried
off the field by Hillman & Johnson whom I detailed for
that purpose & had an exceedingly unpleasant time in
going through the wet and tangled undergrowth and marshy
woods, the enemy shelling us furiously. My wound was
dressed by Dr. McGill, of Hagerstown. Marshal Kane was
in my farm today. Services were also held in the barn
today. Private [Hurley?], of my Company, was killed just
before the charge.
Sunday June 5th Weather the same. Was removed
from the barn to the ambulance, and fainted whilst they
were putting me in. Was taken to the train, & about
dusk, arrived in Richmond. After a very rough ride,
arrived at Chimborazo Hospital where I passed a
comparatively comfortable night. Was placed in ward (M)
Div. No. 2.
Monday June 6th Clear & very warm. Passed a very
disagreeable day, by reason of the suffocating heat. Had
an injection operation performed on me today, and
fainted while I was up. Changed my under clothing today
the first time for four weeks. Made application to be
transfered to ward M, Div. No. 5. I am at present in
ward M, Div. No. 2.
Wednesday June 8 Clear. My wound pains me a
little more than usual to day, but the medicines have
been taking for days past are, at least, beginning to
rectify my bowels & head. Passed a very uncomfortable &
Thursday June 9 Warm & windy. My wound pains me a
great deal today. It has commenced to [mor?]. Sent a
letter of 9 pages home. Enclosing one Photograph. Bought
a piece of sponge to day for my own individual purposes.
Private [Chilcutt?] of my Co. came to see me today.
Friday June 10 '64 Clear. [Kautz's?] Cavalry
6,000 strong, made a bold and determined attack upon
Petersburg on yesterday and at one time, had our
entrenchments, but were finally driven back by the
militia. My wound pains me severely at times.
Saturday June 11 '64 Still clear & warm. My wound
gave me more pain today that it has at any time, since I
have been wounded. There was a Hemorrage of my wound
today. The holes are enlarging. Capt. Torsch came to see
Sunday June 12 Clear. Capt. [McAleer?] came to
see me today. Had an egg-nogg & a lemonade made for me
today. Heavy firing has been heard all day in the
direction of the army. Wound [?] very freely today. My
pants, which I thought were lost, came in today. Took a
very severe cold in my face last night.
Monday June 13 Clear. Grant is reported falling
back to the White House & Ewell marching for the Valley.
My wound is improving slowly.
Tuesday June 14 Clear. Awoke this morning with
my head & throat so stopped up that I could scarcely
talk. This is caused by the nature of the medication I
am taking. I am excessively weak today.