cavalry.jpg (42400 bytes)
U.S. Cavalry Bugler
 

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FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

General U.S. Grant Learning Activity-- Gen. Grant & the U.S. Cavalry


  

An Activity to Learn About General Grant's Leadership
and Life during the Civil War

GRANT THE PERSON CAN BE BETTER UNDERSTOOD WHEN READING OF HIS LOVE OF HORSES AND HORSE RIDING

The U.S. Cavalry played a pivotal role in the successes of Union and Confederate forces

 

HOW THE U.S. CAVALRY WAS ORGANIZED:

1.  Make a flowchart explaining all of the organizational units making up the Civil War era U.S. Cavalry.  Include these units:  regiments, troops, men, squadron, Captain, 1st Lieutenant, 2nd Lieutenant, Supernumerary Lieutenant.    Later the organization was changed to include:

A HISTORY OF THE U.S. CAVALRY FROM 1833 THROUGH THE CIVIL WAR:

2.  What was the United States Regiment of Dragoons?  When was it created?

3.  Who authorized the organization of the U.S. Regiment of Dragoons?  Cavalry?

4.  Who was the Colonel in-command of the Dragoons?  Who were other officers in the first Regiment of Dragoons?

5.   What were the Mounted Riflemen of the 1850's?

6.   What are Regiments of Horse?

7.   Who was the Secretary of War when the first actual Regiments of Cavalry were formed?  What did he do with many of his new Cavalry soldiers when the Civil War started?  What happened to this Secretary of War just before the Civil War broke out. 

8.   Describe what happened to the U.S. Calvary when the Civil War broke out in 1861?

THE ROLE OF THE U.S. CAVALRY:

1.   Why was the Calvary considered the "eyes" of the army (both North and South)?

2.   At the beginning of the Civil War, what was the attitude concerning Calvary forces in the U.S. Army?

3.  How did Lt. Col. J.E.B. Stuart's 1st Virginia Cavalry (Confederate) effect opinion of Calvary (Horse Soldiers) by politician in-charge of allocating war funding?

4.  Describe the number of Calvary units at the beginning of the Civil War, and then at the end.

CAVALRY TACTICS:

1.  Based upon  the report of General Early (1864), how was the Calvary rated in importance in ability to fight and help the war effort?

2.  What was General Phil Sheridan's role in the U.S. Calvary?  (Check out the report by Sir Henry Havelock concerning General Sheridan)

3.   Describe how Cavalry troops were maneuvered?   (consider formations of columns with this question)

4.   Cavalry troopers would often fight after dismounting.  Did they re-mount and dismount often during an ongoing battle?

5.  How long did a Calvary soldier stay in the saddle?  Give some examples.

6.  How did Calvary troops sleep?  The horses would plod along in a "somnambulist state."  What does that mean?

7.  Describe by making graphs or diagrams, the math of how long a Calvary column would be, how long an individual horse would be, and how long a troop of ninety-six men would be.  How long did Sheridan's column of ten thousand troopers stretch?

8.  Describe by making graphs or diagrams, the math of how far a cavalry could cover:  at a walk;  at a slow trot; at a maneuvering trot; at an alternate trot and walk; a maneuvering gallop; and a full extended gallop.

CAVALRY WEAPONS:

1.  Make a table with illustrations to describe the types of weapons a Federal Volunteer Cavalryman would carry: 

SABERS

REVOLVERS

CARBINES OR RIFLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.  Make a similar table with illustrations to describe the types of weapons a Southern Cavalryman would carry:

SABERS

REVOLVERS

CARBINES OR RIFLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    Describe the advantages of "superiority" the South and the North would have throughout the War effort.  What would cause the demise of Lee's Army of Virginia before surrender at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.


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