1865, A GUEST AT PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S SECOND
There are several readings for this TASK. The
topic represents "Firsts" in American Black
READ: The article from Abraham Lincoln
article concerns Douglass' invitation to attend
the reception, his problem entering the White
House, and how it all ended up. Locate the
section from Reference # 51. For this task,
you may . . .
Design and print a Lincoln White House
invitation with computer software such as
Word, Publisher or other publishing
software. Make up a list of very important
dignitaries that would have received the
invitation to attend President Lincoln's
second inauguration reception. Research to
find out some of the major guests that
showed up to the reception, including
Frederick Douglass. Print enough
invitations to address for each of your
invited guests. Remember the official White
House/Government Seal and appropriate image
of the 1860's White House, and other
Write an essay describing how Frederick
Douglass felt when the policemen stopped him
at the door of the White House, refusing to
let him enter the reception. Describe how
Douglass responded to this event. After
reading Douglass' own words describing the
reception (after he finally got admitted),
how do you think the President and Douglass
felt when seeing each other? Include this
answer within the essay. You could also
include your feelings about why this meeting
between a sitting President and a black man
was so historical.
Read about Washington D.C. in the early
Lincoln's White House website, and particularly
the Nearby Washington D.C. article.
Think about where the nation's capitol was
actually located. Why would Washington D.C. be
a possibly "unfriendly" place for a black man to
live or visit. Why would it be a "safe haven."
c. READ ALSO:
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
DOUGLASS OPINION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN AFTER THE
FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS
d. READ AN EXCERPT FROM:
ARTICLE # 10
“Your Late Lamented Husband”:
A Letter from Frederick Douglass to Mary Todd
Lincoln before the President was assassinated.
Further study can be done by reading the site.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS WRITES
OF HOW HE BECAME A SELF-MADE MAN
ARTICLE #5-A SELF-MADE MAN
b. READ ALSO:
DOUGLASS ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT "THE
BLACK MAN AT THE WHITE HOUSE" From Frederick
My Bondage and
My Freedom 1855 CHAPTER
XI SECESSION AND WAR, pages 350-355 (an
excerpt from an article An Unusual Friendship
Lincoln & Frederick Douglass
by William Connery
A CIVIL WAR TIMELINE
Use a Civil War timeline to check out events
during the Civil War, especially the first two
years. The Civil War was not going well for the
Union or President Lincoln before 1863. The
Emancipation Proclamation was issued January 1,
1863. President Lincoln would now authorize
African Americans to serve in the Union Army.
African Americans and Frederick Douglass would
have a big part in the new direction. Frederick
Douglass would now become a recruiter for the
Union Army to convince male freed slaves to join
and fight for the Union.
Smithsonian Civil War Timeline
American troops would enter battle. The 54th
Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col.
Robert G. Shaw.
b. READ ALSO:
Congressional Medal of Honor winners by
Americans at the Buffalo Soldiers site.
Work within a small group, and make a memorial
honor board for all the African-American
soldiers that won this award during the Civil
War. Provide detailed information and a
portrait of each. As you read about recruits,
find out the names of Frederick Douglass' own
sons that were recruited as Union soldiers.
THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS
about the heroic 54th Massachusetts Infantry
Regiment at the Battle for Fort Wagner at
from the National Archives and Records
b. READ ALSO:
letters and pictures from soldiers from the 54th
as on the Battle of Olustee Site.
DOUGLASS' THREE COMPLAINTS TO
a. Read the short article
about Frederick Douglass' first official
visit to the White House to confer with the
President. Answer these questions about that
What were the three "complaints' that
Douglass would relate to the President?
Read the resulting "Proclamation of
Retaliation" that the President would issue
shortly after the Douglass visit. Why was
this so important for the African American
Do you think the Confederate Army honored
and abided by the Proclamation with its'
READ THE ARTICLES:
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
ARTICLE #4--July 30, 1863.
— Order of retaliation, Executive Mansion,
July 30, 1863.
(This is a link to a Google Book
Abraham Lincoln Complete Works Comprising His
Speeches, Letters, State Papers, and
Miscellaneous Writings. Ed. by John G. Nicolay
and John Hay. Vol. 2, The Century Co. 1894 p.
378 p. 378 Online at
AS A SLAVE & FREE-MAN
Working backward in time, your job now is to
study and read about Frederick Douglass' years
before freedom. In this you will learn of his
servitude, brutal punishments, illegal education
and his escape to freedom. & at the
Memories Collection of the Library of Congress.
CONDUCTOR ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
Working forward in time, your job now is to
study and read about Frederick Douglass's years
after freedom as a conductor for the Underground
Railroad and newspaper writer and publisher.
THREE KEY LEARNING'S FOR A SUCCESSFUL-LIFE
This TASK works with #13 &
could all be completed as a unit.
Frederick Douglass accomplished a lot in his
life, based upon his life-plan THREE KEY
1. Believing in yourself;
2. Taking advantage of every opportunity;
3. Using the power of spoken and written
language to effect positive change for yourself
# 5 and
# 9 has two parts.)
The first is about the "Forty Acres and a Mule,"
and the second is a description to the 13th,
14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution
(the Reconstruction Amendments)
EQUALITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS
Returning back to 1863-1865, conditions for
black Union soldiers would get better. Describe
how conditions improved, or didn't improve
because of the Presidential Proclamation for
Retaliation, and orders for equal pay, and other
basic rights for blacks in the war.
AFTER THE WAR
Frederick Douglass' life after the Civil War,
and the assassination of the President would be,
perhaps, the most interesting of his career and
the Chapters of his last autobiography
and Times of Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass Recruits African American men
for military service in Civil War
FOR THE U.S. ARMY
From Frederick Douglass Autobiography
My Bondage and My
Freedom 1855 CHAPTER XI
SECESSION AND WAR, pages 344-350 "MEN OF COLOR,
A Comparison of Frederick Douglass to Dr. Martin
Luther King, Jr.
A Comparison of Frederick Douglass to Dr. M.L.
Frederick Douglass Discusses--How to Learn to
Read and Write.
ARTICLE #11--How Frederick Douglass Learned to
Read & Write, an Article from a podcast, 2017
Frederick Douglass Discusses the
Idea of "Being a Self-Made Man."
Article "Frederick Douglass and the "Self-Made
Man," from a Lecture he gave around the country.