Learning Lincoln On-line
FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES
General U.S. Grant Learning Activity-- ORDER #2--U.S. Civil War-- The Theaters of the War-- The Trans-Mississippi Theater
The Trans-Mississippi theater of the Civil war covered everything from the Mississippi River west to the Pacific Ocean.
· The Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War took place in the states of Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, the Indian Territory (Oklahoma), Louisiana, and Texas.
· The major battles fought in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War included the battles of Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove, Westport and Wilson’s Creek
· Over 200,000 men were engaged in the Trans-Mississippi theater of war
The Trans-Mississippi Theater Campaign of the Civil War was the major military and naval operation west of the Mississippi River, with the exception of those near the Pacific Coast. The Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department was formed on May 26, 1862 after recognizing problems associated with trying to govern a region more than a thousand miles distant from the capital at Richmond. The area included Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Indian Territory (Oklahoma), and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River.
Until the surrender of Vicksburg, Mississippi, the Trans-Mississippi region offered many important resources, including significant numbers of men, Texas cattle, war goods from Mexico, and Texas and Louisiana cotton. Additionally, the small Army of the Trans-Mississippi the Union to keep a military presence in the region, thus tying up men who could have been used elsewhere.
Principal Union Commanders of the Trans-Mississippi Theater
Principal Confederate Commanders of the Trans-Mississippi Theater
Information from Legends of America site at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ah-mississippipacifictheater.html