Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

General U.S. Grant Learning Activity--ORDER #2--  U.S. Civil War-- The Theaters of the War

Civil War Theaters Home Page        Trans-Mississippi Theater      Eastern Theater Site    &      Western Theater Site

 

ORDER #2-- U.S. CIVIL WAR-- LAND-BASED THEATERS

Introduction-- Theaters of the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. This article provides facts and information about the major Theaters of the Civil War. There were three Theaters of the Civil War, a phrase that describes the areas where the major battles of the Civil War took place. The military operations of the Civil War were conducted in the Eastern, Western and Trans-Mississippi theaters of war. Theaters of War are the areas of land, and water that is, or may become, directly involved in the military battles and conduct of the war.

 

 

Eastern Theater Map

The Eastern Theater comprised of the area east of the Appalachians in the locality of the rival capitals of Washington of the Union and Richmond of the Confederacy.

  The Eastern Theater of the Civil War included the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, the District of Columbia, and the seaports of North Carolina

  The Eastern Theater of the Civil War was important because not only did it include the capitals it also covered densely populated and highly industrial regions

  The two major armies that fought in the Eastern Theater were the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia

  Generals who led the armies in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War were Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan for the North and Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet for the South.

  The major battles fought in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War included the Battle of Bull Run at Manassas, the Battle of Antietam, and the great Battle of Gettysburg.

 

The Western Theater
The Western Theater of the Civil War comprised of the area west of the Appalachians and east of the Mississippi River.

  The Western Theater of the Civil War primarily took place in the states of Tennessee, Mississippi and Georgia

  The major battles fought in the Western Theater of the Civil War included the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of New Orleans, the Battle of Stones River, Battle of Chickamauga and the Battle of Vicksburg.

  Generals who led the armies in the Western Theater of the Civil War Grant, Halleck, Sherman, Buell, and Rosecrans for the North and Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard, and Braxton Bragg for the South.


   

    The Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil war covered everything from the Mississippi River west to the Pacific Ocean.

 

The Trans-Mississippi theater of the Civil war covered everything from the Mississippi River west to the Pacific Ocean.

∑  The Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War took place in the states of Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, the Indian Territory (Oklahoma), Louisiana, and Texas.

∑  The major battles fought in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War included the battles of Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove, Westport and Wilsonís Creek

∑  Over 200,000 men were engaged in the Trans-Mississippi theater of war

        The Trans-Mississippi Theater Campaign of the Civil War was the major military and naval operation west of the Mississippi River, with the exception of those near the Pacific Coast. The Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department was formed on May 26, 1862 after recognizing problems associated with trying to govern a region more than a thousand miles distant from the capital at Richmond. The area included Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Indian Territory (Oklahoma), and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River.

         Until the surrender of Vicksburg, Mississippi, the Trans-Mississippi region offered many important resources, including significant numbers of men, Texas cattle, war goods from Mexico, and Texas and Louisiana cotton. Additionally, the small Army of the Trans-Mississippi the Union to keep a military presence in the region, thus tying up men who could have been used elsewhere.

 

 

VISIT THE BLUE-GRAY TRAIL SITE TO READ ABOUT EACH OF THE THEATERS

Go to U.S. Grant-Missouri Campaign

Also, Visit the Armies and General Comparison Home Page

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