To understand the Civil War, one must
understand the organization and terminology used for two armies
(Union and Confederate). There were theaters of the war.
A theater is a large area that has not yet been "taken" The "Army of
the Potomac" was the main Union army in the eastern theater of the
war and the "Army of Northern Virginia" was the main Confederate
force. Remarkably, both of the armies that fought the Battle of
Gettysburg were organized in a similar fashion including a structure
of corps, divisions, and brigades.
Surrender from General Lee by General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse
#1-- Use the articles provided on each
of the great armies as a resource, and answer the questions as
provided in the Battle-Summary Form.
#2-- Write short answers for each
Question Cell. You should find two
points of evidence to answer the question. Be sure to
document where the answer was found.
#3-- Design and make a visual
"compilation presentation" of the results of your question answers.
You could use Prezy (Click here for
Prezi), Microsoft Power Point, or even a poster for this
Battle Summary Questions:
[REMEMBER THAT YOU NEED TO PROVIDE
"TWO" POINTS OF EVIDENCE FOR EACH QUESTION AND QUESTION PART]
A. Make a flowchart
to describe the organization of the armies of both the north and the
south. Why were the great armies of the Civil War named after
rivers? Make a list of armies named after rivers. A
handy chart is provided by the National Park Service at:
B. How would you
describe the relationship between General Robert E. Lee and General
Ulysses S. Grant. What connections did they have before the
Civil War? How were these two generals alike and different?
View the N.Y. Times online slideshow
about the two generals. One other resource is at
C. What are the
battles that the generals led? Which side won the battle?
What are the statistics on the number of casualties for each side?
D. Find a battle
that each general lost, and describe why the battle was lost, or why
the opposition won. An advanced resource for this question is
provided from a Clevland Roundtable discussion at:
E. What did each
general "say" during his army career and the civil war? Find 3
quotes by each and write a short answer explanation of what was said
and why. You may have to infer why. Wikiquotes are
available to help find quotes for each:
U.S. Grant at:
Robert E. Lee at:
ABOUT THE SOLDIERS OF
EACH OF THE GREAT ARMIES:
F. According to the
rank and file soldiers of both sides, why were they fighting for
their respective sides?
G. General Grant was
called a "butcher" of soldiers by many, including Mary Todd Lincoln.
Why, and why is this true or untrue?
"He is a butcher and is not
fit to be at the head of an army. Yes, he generally manages
to claim a victory, but such a victory! He loses two men to the
enemy's one. He has no management, no regard for life." Mary Todd
Lincoln,conversation with Abraham Lincoln regarding General Ulysses
H. General Lee was
loved by his soldiers and this affection and respect can be felt by
reading about the surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, that ended the
war. While reading this find at least three facts or
Find proof or instances of Confederate respect and reverence for the
Compare and contrast Grant and Lee at Appomattox including the
way they appeared, presented themselves, and any other details that
seem to describe the two personalities.
Look for the responses of Union troops during and after the
surrender at the courthouse.
I. Compare and
contrast the composition of both armies, including officers and men,
and consider characteristics of a good commander, as leadership helped in winning.
this article by Bruce Catton that compares the two generals, for
"Armies Make-up chart including ethnicity" for each by
J. For both the
Union and Confederate soldiers, to what extent does
and chivalry play in the fighting. Be certain to give examples for
both sides. Go to
the Chivalry site for lots of information.
K. General Grant had a close military
relationship with the Commander and Chief. If the President would
give an order to proceed, Grant would proceed. An order once given
to Grant was followed:
"Hold on with a bulldog grip and
chew & choke as much as possible" A. Lincoln. Click Here for
Go to the Army of
the Potomac Home Page
Go to the Army
of Northern Virginia Home Page
to the Activity Home Page Here